Types of Roofing Materials

Roofing materials serve a dual purpose: shielding your home from the elements and protecting its structure. Choosing a suitable material involves considering cost, maintenance requirements, and lifespan.Roofing

Some standard roofing options include terra cotta tiles, concrete tiles, and slate roofs. These options are a good choice for different climates and architectural styles. Visit to learn more.

Asphalt shingles are one of the most popular roofing materials available. They offer good weather and fire resistance for a low upfront cost, making them a great value option. They also offer a wide selection of color options to match your home’s aesthetic and complement your landscape.

The most common types of asphalt shingles are strip, laminated and architectural. Each has a unique design that adds a different dimension and texture to your roof. The most basic shingle is the strip shingle which has three tabs along its length. The next level is the laminated shingle which has multiple layers of cutouts to give a more detailed and varied visual appearance. Lastly, there is the luxury shingle which has a more customized shape and offers more weatherproofing protection.

The protective nature of asphalt shingles comes from long-chain hydrocarbons impregnated in the paper that covers them. Over time in hot sun these hydrocarbons soften and are washed away with rain. This can cause the shingle to become loose, exposing the nails that hold it in place.

To prevent this, many shingles have a layer of granules that help to repel rain and sun damage. Asphalt shingles are also produced with a heat-activated sealant to help keep them tightly sealed and protected. Some shingles are made with Class 4 impact-resistant material which can reduce your insurance premium and offer extra protection against hail damage.

When installing a new roof, a quality underlayment is essential to keep water from seeping under the shingles and damaging the wood sheathing underneath. Depending on the type of underlayment used, it may be installed as a layer between the roof deck and the shingles, or directly against the sheathing.

Proper ventilation is another important aspect of shingle roofing. The use of balanced intake and exhaust ventilation systems helps extend the lifespan of your shingles by keeping attic temperatures low, reducing condensation in attics and preventing the formation of ice dams. Combined with adequate attic insulation, this ventilation system can help you get the most out of your shingle roof for years to come.

Metal Shingles

Metal shingles are made from pre-painted aluminum or steel and have become an increasingly popular choice for homeowners and builders. They offer a number of benefits, including durability, energy efficiency, recyclability and alignment with green building practices. They are available in a wide variety of styles and colors, ensuring a look that complements any home. In addition, they require minimal upkeep and are backed by an industry-leading warranty.

Like asphalt shingles, they have a traditional appearance, making them easy to blend with most architectural themes. Additionally, they are more resilient than other roofing materials and are able to resist high winds, making them a great option for areas that experience frequent severe weather.

Many people worry that metal roofs attract lightning, but this is not the case. In fact, metal roofs are less likely to be struck by lightning than shingle or tile roofs. However, if you live in an area that is prone to thunderstorms, you may want to consider adding lightning rods to your roof to reduce the risk of damage from lightning strikes.

Standing seam and stamped metal shingles are two of the most common types of metal roofing. Both have their own unique advantages and disadvantages, but you should consult with your contractor to decide which is best for your needs.

While a standing seam metal roof is more elegant and sleek than a stamped shingle roof, it’s also more expensive. Additionally, standing seam metal roofs aren’t suitable for low-sloped roofs and can be difficult to walk on if the pitch is too low.

On the other hand, a stamped metal shingle roof is more cost-effective and easier to install than a standing seam metal roof. They are also a better choice for homes with HOAs and municipalities that discourage the use of standing seam metal roofs.

A metal shingle roof is comprised of individual interlocking panels that are typically fastened with hidden fasteners. They are available in a range of colors and styles, and they can replicate the appearance of traditional cedar, slate or tile shingles. They are ideal for homeowners who are looking for the benefits of metal roofing, but prefer a more traditional appearance.

Wood Shingles

Wood shingles are a natural option for a roof that looks great on homes with traditional, colonial or rustic architecture. They can be stained, painted or left to weather naturally. They are available in a variety of styles and shapes, including fishscale, diamond, sawtooth and steam-bent. In addition to the different styles, they are available in varying widths and thicknesses, allowing homeowners to customize their appearance. Wood shingles may also be treated with wood preservatives and fire retardants.

There are several types of wood used in shingles, and they can be sourced locally or from abroad. Cedar, teak and wallaba shingles are popular choices due to their aesthetic appeal and durability. These shingles are typically made with wood that is cut by hand, which bolsters the local economy and reduces the distance resources must be transported. In addition, these shingles have low embodied energy and help keep traditional crafts alive.

Before machine-sawn shingles became common, shingle styles and materials were vernacular – reflecting the geography, geology and flora of an area. Thus, slate roofs were preferred in Wales, thatch in flat fen and reed areas, stone roofing in rural and urban areas with easy access to stone and clay, and shingles elsewhere, especially where oak forests were abundant. Shingles were eclipsed by the more fire-resistant slate, terneplate and tile roofs until the late 19th century, when a revival in timber-shingled housing began.

A wood shingle can be made from a wide variety of tree species, but most shingles are made with cedar because it is long-lasting and attractive. It is easy to work with and steam bend, so it can be shaped to accommodate any roof design. Cedar also resists changes in humidity and size variations. Its unique coloration and aroma make it a favorite for homeowners who want a classic country or mountain-style house. Cedar shingles are a staple of colonial buildings in the Chiloe Archipelago, Chile, and they can be found on many historical structures across the nation.


Slate is a gorgeous roofing material that can add to the overall look of your home. It is both stylish and durable, and it can last for up to 200 years. It is resistant to both extreme temperatures and high winds. It is also fireproof and highly impact-resistant. In addition, it is water-resistant. Slate is available in natural, quarried varieties or as synthetic options like fiber cement slate and bituminous styles.

Slate comes in a variety of colors and shades, but it is most commonly found in grays and blacks. Its color is determined by its mineral composition. Hematite, for example, produces purple tones and chlorite creates greens. Weathering can cause the original colors to fade and result in tones of buff and brown.

A roof made of slate is a great choice for homeowners in climates that experience frequent rain or snow. It is a popular choice for historic homes, but it can also be used to complement other roofing materials like asphalt shingles. In fact, slate is often paired with metal roofs. Its sleek aesthetic appeal will not only increase your home’s curbside appeal, but it may even help boost its resale value.

One of the downsides to slate is that it is more expensive than other roofing solutions. This is due to the difficulty of producing it and the specialized services that are needed to install or repair a slate roof. It is also prone to damage, especially when handled by untrained professionals. If you choose to invest in a slate roof, make sure to find a roofing contractor with extensive experience working with the material.

Slate roofing requires different fasteners than asphalt shingles and metal roofs. Copper nails or stainless steel should be used and hammered in by hand rather than driven into the slate with a power nailer. Nails should be at least twice as long as the thickness of a slate and sit flush with its surface. This prevents the nail head from causing damage to the slate above it.

The resale value of a slate roof can be very high, but it is important to have a professional inspect the roof regularly to determine if it needs replacement or repairs. Some roofs are not in need of replacement and can be restored with simple maintenance.